Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Valiollah Rudgarian


Age: 29
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: May 1, 1983
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Mr. Valiollah Rudgarian is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed. He is also one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine. Moreover, Mr. Nima Parvaresh writes about Mr. Rudgarian in his book An Unequal Battle: a report of seven years in prison, 1982 to 1989.

Mr. Rudgarian was a respected teacher in the northern city of Amol (Mazandaran province). Twice, he successfully escaped arrest by the Revolutionary Guards. His wife, Ms. Minu Sotudeh Peyma, was executed in 1982.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Rudgarian was arrested at a team house in Rasht (Gilan Province) in the summer of 1982. His true identity was not known to the state official; he had claimed to be a truck driver. The officials wanted to release him and he was to be released. However, a Peykar sympathizer whp had been arrested and collaborated with prison authorities, disclosed Mr. Rudgarian’s true identity. He was interrogated for a second round. The marks of torture were evident on his feet and face.


Mr. Rudgarian was tried twice, once when he was arrested and the second time, a week after he was identified by his former comrade.


No information is available on Mr. Rudgarian’s charges.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


Mr. Rudgarian defended Marxism in the court. In response to the religious judge’s question regarding Marx, Engels, and Lenin, he replied, “they are the bee’s knees of human society.” This resulted in returning him to Section 209 for torture.


According to Mr. Parvaresh, Mr. Rudgarian was taken from his cell to be executed while chanting “The Internationale” on May 1, 1983. He was 29 years old.

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