Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Fazel Khodadad


Age: 50
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: November 22, 1995
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Embezzlement of public funds

About this Case

Mr. Fazel Khodadad’s execution was reported by the Kayhan newspaper on November 22, 1995.  Further information regarding this execution was sent to Abdorrahman Boroumand Center via two electronic forms by persons familiar with this case. (e-forms 7/22/2006 & 3/6/2020)

According to the newspaper report, Mr. Khodadad was a businessman.  His family, especially his brother, had close ties with the royal family of the previous regime.  Before the Revolution, Mr. Khodadad was involved in the import, export, and construction business. During the advent of the Revolution, he was working on a high-rise that was being built on Fereshteh Avenue in Tehran, for which he had received a 30-million tumans loan from the Saderat Bank.  All of his family’s belongings, however, were confiscated after the Revolution due to their ties with the royal family and Mr. Khodadad left for the United States.  He returned to Iran in 1988, after the Iran-Iraq War, with the purpose of resuming the high-rise project on Fereshteh Avenue and reclaim some of his confiscated belongings.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Khodadad was arrested and detained at Evin Prison.  Further circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known. 


Mr. Khodadad was tried by Branch 40 of the Penal Court, along with 6 members of his network. 


Mr. Khodadad was charged with “embezzling 123 billion tumans” from the Saderat Bank after his return to Iran in 1988.  

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year, Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown. 

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant. 


No information is available on Mr. Khodadad’s defense. 


Based on the newspaper account, Mr. Khodadad was declared a “corruptor on earth” and sentenced to fine of 20,277,732,796 Riyal (approximately 2.2 billion tumans) and death by Branch 40 of the Penal Court.  He appealed his sentence, and his case was reviewed by Branch 23 of the Superior Court which after “hours of deliberation” upheld the lower court’s sentence.  On the dawn of November 22, 1995, Mr. Khodadad was taken to the Public Prosecutor’s office and asked to write his last will and perform the necessary religious rites before his execution.  He was examined by a medical doctor and deemed fit for execution.  He was then transported back to Evin Prison and hanged.

Mr. Khodadad was also sentenced to flogging which was implemented right before his execution. (e-form 03/06/2020)

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