Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Esma'il Hassanvand


Age: 16
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: July 11, 1981
Location of Killing: Masjed Soleyman, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unspecified counter-revolutionary offense; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; Actively opposing the Islamic Republic

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Esma’il Hassanvand, son of Khan Ali, along with six others, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on July 12, 1981. A relative has confirmed his execution via an electronic form sent to Omid. Mr. Hassanvand is one of the 430 “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed. Moreover, his name appears among the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Mr. Hassanvand was a high school student and a sympathizer of the Peykar Organization.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

There is no specific information on the defendant’s arrest and detention.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


Mr. Hassanvand was charged with “effective political activity for anti-revolutionary goals of the Peykar group-let, conspiracy against the Islamic Republic regime and the Muslim nation, participation in recent confrontations, and creating fear and intimidation.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The evidence presented against Mr. Hassanvand was “having a record of two previous convictions.”


No information is available on Mr. Hassanvand’s defense.


َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Masjed-e Soleyman called Mr. Hassanvand as “a corruptor on earth who is at war with God and His Prophet, and a rebel against the Imam and the Islamic Republic regime.” He was condemned to death and executed by firing squad in Masjed-e Soleymanon July 11, 1981. He was 16 years old.

International laws have strictly prohibited capital punishment against those who were under the age of 18 at the time of committing the crime. As a party to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iran has the obligation to avoid capital punishment for an offence committed before the age of eighteen.

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