Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Baha'oddin Tavakoli Asl


Age: 21
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: November 8, 1981
Location of Killing: Central Prison, Tabriz, Azarbaijan-e Sharqi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Apostasy; Printing/distributing leaflets; Living in safe houses; Armed rebellion against the Islamic Republic

About this Case

The news of the execution of Mr. Baha’odin Tavakoli Asl, son of Shakur, was published in the Kayhan newspaper on November 12, 1981. Additional information about Mr. Tavakoli was sent to the Boroumand Foundation via several electronic forms by people informed about his case. According to this information, Mr. Tavakoli was born in Ardebil in 1960. He was a high school graduate and worked as foreman in heating construction business. He was a sympathizer of the Peykar Organization.

Mr. Tavakoli is one of the 430 “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class,” published on the website of “Andeesheh va Peykar”. This list contains the names of 400 members of the organization who have been executed.

Additionally, Mr. Tavakoli is among the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

According to information included in the electronic form, Mr. Tavakoli was arrested in Tabriz in the summer of 1981. There is no further information available on his arrest and detention.


Mr. Tavakoli was tried by the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tabriz (Kayhan newspaper).


The charges against Mr. Tavakoli, and six other “members and sympathizers of the grouplet Peykar” were announced by the Keyhan newspaper as follows: “armed rebellion against the Islamic Republic, distribution of leaflets and publications for the Peykar Organization, apostasy, and frequenting the organization’s safe houses.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against Mr. Tavakoli cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Tavakoli.


No information is available on Mr. Tavakoli’s defense.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Tabriz condemned Mr. Baha’odin Tavakoli Asl to death and he was executed by a firing squad in Tabriz prison. The exact date of his execution is not clear. He might have been executed on November 9 or 10 (Kayhan Newspaper), November 8 (the electronic form), or November 11 of 1981 (the addendum to the Mojahed magazine).Mr. Tavakoli was buried in Vadi Rahmat cemetery in Tabriz.


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