Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Farzad Jahad


Age: 27
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: February 26, 1984
Location of Killing: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

Information about Mr. Farzad Jahad was taken from the book, "The Tudeh Martyrs," a publication of The Tudeh Party of Iran, and the book, "Memories," by Mohammad Rayshahri (Chief Judge at the time), published by the Islamic Revolution Document Center. Some information is based on an electronic form, sent to Omid, by a person familiar with his case. According to the existing information, Mr. Farzad Jahad was born in Shiraz in 1956. He studied political science at Tehran University. Before the revolution, he joined the Navid Organization (the underground organization of the Tudeh Party) and was active among the workers. In 1981, he continued his activities as a branch leader in the military organization of the Party. According to the book, "Memories," he was in charge of the underground network in Esfahan.   

Mr. Farzad Jahad is among the 282 individuals listed in a United Nations Report on The Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Note by the Secretary General), published on 13 November 1985. The report lists these individuals as “Persons who were allegedly summarily and arbitrarily executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran: 1984-1985.”  

The Tudeh Party of Iran (Hezbe Tudeh or the Party of the Masses) was founded in 1941 by a group of mostly communist intellectuals. Its non-radical reformist platform and its name reflected the founders’ hopes to attract the larger religious population. However, the Party's Marxist-Leninist orientation and its anti-Imperialist and anti-Fascist positions made it most influential among intellectuals and educated Iranians. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, The Tudeh, with its country-wide organization, including active women, youth, and labor groups, as well as a secret military network (Sazman-e Nezami-ye Hezb-e Tudeh Iran), played a major role in Iran’s political scene.

The Tudeh was banned following an attempted assassination against the Shah in 1949. Nonetheless, the Party continued its activities, as well as its publications, of which there would be many. Following the 19 August 1953 coup, the Tudeh’s military network was annihilated and many of its leaders arrested or forced into exile, mostly in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Over the years, the Party’s political influence diminished, due to the various splits resulting from its pro-Soviet stand and policies in periods of political tension in Iran and from the radicalization of the left in the 1960s and 1970s.

After the 1979 Revolution, the Tudeh declared Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic Republic regime revolutionaries and anti-imperialists and actively supported and collaborated with the government. Though the Party never opposed the Islamic Republic, it became the target of the Islamic Republic’s attacks in 1982, and the Party's leaders and many members, including those of the new secret military network, were arrested. The Tudeh lost scores of its members during the mass prison killing of 1988. Following several splits, the Party resumed its activities in the early 1990s in exile.

Arrest and detention

According to the book, "The Tudeh Martyrs," Mr. Farzad Jahad was arrested in May of 1982. According to information sent to Omid, by the order of interrogators, one of his arrested comrades called Mr. Jahad, who lived with his parents in another city at the time, and asked him to meet at Ferdowsi Square in Tehran. Mr. Jahad trusted this friend and, as soon as he showed up at the location, he was arrested by security agents of Evin Prison.   


No information is available on Mr. Jahad’s trial.  


Mr. Farzad Jahad was tried as a member of "the eighth group of Tudeh Party members who infiltrated the armed forces." The charges against him were confirmed in the book, "Memories," as "being in charge of several workers of the Party before the victory of the Islamic Revolution, having a nickname, being in charge of a military branch, and collecting funds for the Party."  

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  

Evidence of guilt

In the book, "Memories," evidence against Mr. Jahad is described as "the information that others provided about him."


No information is available about Mr. Jahad’s defense.   


The court condemned Mr. Farzad Jahad to death. This ruling was carried out at Jamshidiyeh Garrison in Tehran on February 26, 1984. He was executed by firing squad along with nine others. Addressing his family in a part of his will, he wrote, "In any case, I had my own life and I had to choose to be a human being and not a vegetable like a potato … . When I think of you, I am ashamed that I caused you sadness. But, if you want me to be in peace, do not turn a hair and do not wear black clothes. Be aware that I like everyone. I wish freedom for all and happy days for the young people of my country [with] the world full of joy … .Be aware that, if I could survive, I would walk again on the path of the people."  

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