Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Anushirvan Lotfi

About

Age: 39
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: May 27, 1988
Location: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Apostasy; War on God, God's Prophet and the deputy of the Twelfth Imam; Sympathizing with anti-regime guerilla groups; Possession of arms; Plotting to overthrow the Islamic Republic; Participating in clashes with revolutionary guards and or Bassij brothers; Membership of anti-regime guerilla group; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; Armed rebellion against the Islamic Republic; Actively opposing the Islamic Republic

About this Case

The former regime condemned him severely for his opposition.  In its turn, the Islamic Republic rained at least ten separate accusations down on him, some quite abstract.

The information about Mr. Anushirvan Lotfi is based on an interview with a person close to him. His execution, along with that two other individuals, was also reported in the Ettela’at newspaper on May 29, 1988.

Mr. Anushirvan Lotfi was born in 1949. He was a student in the Technical School of Tehran University. He got married in 1981 and his daughter, Khatereh, was born at Evin prison. He was a member of the Fadaiyan Khalq Organization (Majority). Under the previous regime, he was arrested and condemned to life imprisonment. He was released after the Revolution.

The Fadaiyan Khalq Organization, a Marxist Leninist group, inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the urban guerilla movements of Latin America, was founded in 1971 by two communist groups opposed to the Pahlavi regime. Following the 1979 Revolution, the Organization, which had renounced armed struggle, split over their support of the Islamic Republic and of the Soviet Union. The Fadaiyan Khalq Majority considered the Islamic Republic as a revolutionary and anti-imperialist regime and supported it. After the spring of 1983, however, the Islamic Republic targeted its members solely because of their political beliefs.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Anushirvan Lotfi was arrested on the road from the north to Tehran in August, 1983. He was detained at the Revolutionary Committee and later at Evin prison. He had 3 or 4 visitations with his mother, two visitations with his wife and one visitation with his in-laws. No information is available about the right to be represented by an attorney.

Trial

The details of his trial are not known. According to Ettala’at he was tried by the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Tehran.

Charges

Public Relations of the Islamic Revolutionary Prosecution Office announced the following charged brought against Mr. Lotfi to the Jomhuri Eslami news agency:

“1. Membership of the Central Committee of the so-called Fadaiyan Khalq, the Majority branch, an atheist group at war with God

“2. Having organizational and leadership responsibilities and being a member of the Executive Committee

“3. Being responsible for recruitment of forces, particularly armed forces and introducing [them] to the disbanded Tudeh Party

“4. Being in charge for the operations of infiltration in government offices and armed forces of the Islamic Republic with the aim of overthrowing the regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran

“5. Leadership of all anti-revolutionary movements in universities during the Cultural Revolution

“6. Membership of the commission to supervise the collection of arms for the said group

“7. Being in charge of delivering of arms, stolen from the public reserves, to an Iraqi party

“8. Active participation in all levels of decision-making of this criminal group in the armed conflict in Gonbad and the bloody events of Kordestan.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available about his defense.

Judgment

The Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Tehran condemned Mr. Lotfi to death. According to Ettela’at, he was executed at Evin Prison on May 27, 1988. According to his relatives, his body was not returned to his family. His mother identified his body by his shirt when she cleared the dirt in the Khavaran cemetery.

 

Correct/ Complete This Entry