Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Bijan Kabiri


Age: 47
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: February 26, 1984
Location of Killing: Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Counter revolutionary offense; Plotting to overthrow the Islamic Republic

About this Case

Colonel Bijan Kabiri was among the 282 individuals listed in a United Nations Report on The Situation of Human Right in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Note by the Secretary General), published on November 13, 1985. The report lists these individuals as "Persons Who Were Allegedly Summarily and Arbitrarily Executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran: 1984-1985."

Information about Colonel Kabiri is taken from the book The Tudeh Martyrs, copyright 2001 by The Tudeh Party of Iran publications and the book Memories by Mohammad Rayshahri (the Chief Judge of the time) published by the Center for Islamic Revolution Documents. He was born in Tehran, graduated from the Military College and was an army colonel. He was also a member of the Tudeh Party.

The Tudeh Party of Iran was created in 1941. The Tudeh's ideology was Marxist-Leninist and it supported policies of the former Soviet Union. The Tudeh Party played a major role in Iran's political scene until it was banned for the second time following the August 19, 1953 coup. After the 1979 Revolution, the Tudeh Party declared the Ayatollah Khomeini and his Islamic Republic regime revolutionaries and anti-imperialists and actively supported the new government. Although the Tudeh Party never opposed the Islamic Republic, it became the target of its attacks from 1982 when most of the Party's leaders and members were imprisoned.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known. Colonel Kabiri was arrested by the Revolutionary Guards in May 1983.


According to the book Memories, the trial of this defendant was on December 8, 1983 and the judge was Ali Yunesi. He was tried along with Colonel Hushang Attarian.


According to the book Memories, the charges against Colonel Kabiri were as follows:

A) Activity in the underground military network while working for Mohammad Hadi Partovi. B) Having rendezvous and organizational meetings in his residence, on various streets, and in public places where Kianuri was sometimes present. C) Paying the [Tudeh Party’s] monthly membership fee of 1000 Tomans and up to 20,000 Tomans. D) Giving secret information about his activities to the [Tudeh] Organization and infiltrating revolutionary organizations. E) Giving two Yuzi weapons along with two revolvers to the Organization using his military status. F) Introducing a military person to the Organization. G) Disobeying the Imam's order and continuing to have active connections with the Organization until his arrest. H) Continuing his work for the Organization in prison.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

According to the book Memories, the evidence against him was due to "the statements of his Party's high ranking members."


In his defence, the defendant said that he did not know his activities were against Islam. The book Memories quotes part of his defence: "His connection with the party was not based on ideology, but social justice ….He did not imagine that he was spying for the Soviet Union nor did he intend to overthrow the government."


The court condemned Colonel Kabiri to death. He was executed by a firing squad in Tehran on February 26, 1984.

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