Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ameneh Malek Afzali


Age: 18
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Shi'a)
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: September 18, 1981
Location of Killing: Babol, Mazandaran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Unspecified execution method
Charges: Actively opposing the Islamic Republic; Participating in an anti-regime demonstration; Sympathizing with anti-regime guerilla groups

About this Case

The information about the execution of Ms. Ameneh Malek Afzali and another individual was released in a report by the Babol Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal and published in the Kayhan newspaper on July 19, 1981.

Ms. Malek Afzali is also one of the 1,533 executed prisoners listed by the Association of Iranian Women of Köln (Germany). The list was published on September 10, 1997 and is entitled: "A Partial List of Women Executed by the Islamic Republic of Iran.” This list has been updated by former political prisoners living in various countries.

Furthermore, this execution was reported in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) in 1985. The list includes 12028 individuals affiliated with various opposition groups who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Additional information about Ms. Malek Afzali is taken from the MKO website. She was born in a village close to Qa'emshahr in the province of Mazandaran. She was a high school student when she became a MKO sympathizer. She was active in anti-regime demonstrations during 1980 and 1981.

Arrest and detention

There is no specific information on the defendant’s arrest and detention. According to the MKO website, Ms. Malek Afzali was arrested in May 1981. During her two-month detention, she was reportedly tortured so severely that she had to be taken to the hospital.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


According to the Babol Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal’s report, Ms. Malek Afzali was charged with “active participation in clashes in this city [Babol], leading clashes and disturbing the peace, causing disorder at the Azarm High School in Babol, demolishing an office at the high school and breaking the window panes in the office and classrooms, beating and wounding a teacher during a fight, performing marked activities to promote the Mojahedin Organization’s armed struggle against the Islamic Republic of Iran.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Ms. Malek Afzali's defense.


No specific information is available about this execution. Based on the newspaper report, Babol’s Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal sentenced Ms. Malek Afzali to death and this sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Judicial Council. She was executed at 4:30 pm in Babol on July 18, 1981.

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