Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Javad Baharian Sharqi


Age: 26
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: August 15, 1981
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Actively opposing the Islamic Republic; Living in safe houses; Plotting to overthrow the Islamic Republic; War on God, God's Prophet and the deputy of the Twelfth Imam; War on God

About this Case

The information about Mr. Javad Baharian Sharqi, son of Hossein, is based on an interview with one of his close relatives. His execution along with 18 other individuals was released in a communiqué of the Islamic Revolutionary Prosecution Office of Tehran, published in the Kayhan and the Jomhuri Eslami newspapers on August 16, 1981. This execution was also reported in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. Additionally, Mr. Baharian Sharqi is among the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class,” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar.

Mr. Baharian Sharqi was born in Mashhad on July 27, 1955. He was a senior in the Tehran Polytechnic University and a member of the Peykar Organization.

The communiqué of the Revolutionary Prosecution Office, which calls the convicts “sworn agents of the superpowers,” begins with a reference to the Koran, “It is but a just recompense for those who make war on God and His apostle and endeavor to spread corruption on earth, that they are being slain in great numbers, or crucified in great numbers, or have, in result of their perverseness, their hands and feet cut off in great numbers, or are being [entirely] banished from [the face of] the earth: such is their ignominy in this world. But in the life to come [yet more] awesome suffering awaits them” [5:33].

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Baharian Sharqi was arrested while waiting for a comrade in the Emam Hossein Square on July 25, 1981. Three days later, his wife was also arrested in front of the campus dormitory. He was kept in the Ward 3000 (formerly known as the Joint Anti-Sabotage Committee). During his detention, he was denied visitors.


The trial took place in Ward 3000. According to the interviewee, the detainees of Ward 3000 were tried at the same place. Mr. Baharian Sharqi reportedly had a summary trial.


The communiqué of the Revolutionary Prosecution Office refers to Mr. Baharian Sharqi as an “active member of the student section of the Peykar Organization, which opposes the nation.” This communiqué also states that he and 18 others were collectively charged with “attacking innocent people, assault and battery, murder, frequenting the organization’s houses, activities aimed at overthrowing the Islamic Republic regime, planning to assassinate officials, intending to carry out plans for world imperialism, led by the US.” There is no mention of the personal charges brought against any single defendant.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Baharian Sharqi’s defense. He was denied the right to legal representation.


The Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal sentenced Mr. Baharian Sharqi to death. He was executed at dawn, on August 15, 1981, at Evin Prison. His family learnt of his execution through the media.

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