Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hadi Jalalabadi Farahani

About

Age: 25
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam (Shi'a)
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: September 25, 1988
Location: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; War on God, God's Prophet and the deputy of the Twelfth Imam

About this Case

Mr. Hadi Jalalabadi Farahani is listed among 3,208 members and sympathizers of the People's Mojahedin of Iran Organization (PMIO) whose execution was reported by the organization in a book entitled Crime against Humanity. This book documents the 1988-89 mass execution of political prisoners. Additional information was drawn from the Bidaran the Mojahedin websites.

Mr. Jalalabadi Farahani was born in Tehran. He was a high school student and an active member of the militia of the People's Mojahedin of Iran Organization.

Arrest and detention

There is no specific information on the defendant’s arrest and detention. Mr. Hadi Jalalabadi Farahani was arrested on June 13, 1981. He was detained in Evin, Qezelhesar, and Gohardasht prisons for seven years. He was allowed no visitors for the first seven months after his arrest. According to the Mojahedin website, he was tortured severely. He was put in a metal coffin for a long period of time during the severe summer heat. As a result, most of his body was burned.

Trial

Mr. Jalalabadi Farahani was tried three times. He was condemned to death in his first trial in 1983; but, the ruling was suspended for eleven months. In 1984, the Supreme Judiciary Council changed the execution verdict to 13 years imprisonment. His third trial was in 1988. No information is available about this trial except that it ended with an execution verdict. It should be noted that there is no information about the condition of similar trials that condemned thousands of political prisoners to death during this time.

The relatives of political prisoners executed in 1988 refute the legality of the judicial process that resulted in thousands of executions throughout Iran. In their 1988 open letter to then- Minister of Justice Dr. Habibi, they argue that the official secrecy surrounding these executions is proof of their illegality. They note that an overwhelming majority of these prisoners had been tried and sentenced to prison terms, which they were either serving or had already completed serving at the time they were retried and sentenced to death.

Charges

No charge has been publicly leveled against the defendant. In their letters to the Minister of Justice (1988), and to the UN Special Rapporteur visiting Iran (February 2003), the families of the victims refer to the authorities' accusations against the prisoners – accusations that may have led to their execution. These accusations include being "counter-revolutionary, anti-religion, and anti-Islam," as well as being "associated with military action or with various [opposition] groups based near the borders."

An edict of the Leader of the Islamic Republic, reproduced in the memoirs of Ayatollah Montazeri, his designated successor, corroborates the reported claims regarding the charges against the executed prisoners. In this edict, Ayatollah Khomeini refers to the PMOI's members as "hypocrites" who do not believe in Islam and "wage war against God" and decrees that prisoners who still approve of positions taken by this organization are also "waging war against God" and should be sentenced to death.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution contains no evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available about the defendant’s defense. In their open letter, the families of the prisoners note that defendants were not given the opportunity to defend themselves in court. Against the assertion that prisoners were associated with guerrillas’ operating near the borders, the families submit the isolation of their relatives from the outside during their detention: "Our children lived in most difficult conditions. Visits were limited to 10 minutes behind a glass divider through a telephone every two weeks. We witnessed during the past seven years that they were denied access to anything that would have allowed them to establish contacts outside their prisons' walls." Under such conditions the families reject the claim of the authorities that these prisoners were able to engage with the political groups outside Iran.

Judgment

No specific information is available about the defendant’s execution sentence. Mr. Hadi Jalalabadi Farahani was condemned to death at his third trial in 1988. When his mother went to the Evin prison to ask about him in December, the prison officials gave her some of her son's belongings and told her that he had executed by firing squad on September 25, 1988.

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