Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Shahrokh Jahangiri


Age: 34
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: February 25, 1984
Location of Killing: Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

Mr. Shahrokh Jahangiri is among the 282 individuals listed in a United Nations Report on The Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran (Note by the Secretary General), published on November 13, 1985. The report lists these individuals as "Persons Who Were Allegedly Summarily and Arbitrarily Executed in the Islamic Republic of Iran: 1984-1985."

The additional information about Ms. Shahrokh Jahangiri is taken from the book "The Tudeh Martyrs" by The Tudeh Party of Iran Publications and the book Memories by Mohammad Rayshahri (the Chief Judge of the time) published by the Center for Islamic Revolution Documents. He was born in Rasht. According to the book "The Tudeh Martyrs", he was a teacher and a taxi driver. He started his political activities in early 1970s. Before the revolution, he joined the Navid Organization (the underground organization of the Tudeh Party). According to the book Memories and confirmation of Mr. Partovi, (who was in charge of the Military Branch of the Tudeh Party and an advisor to the Central Committee and was present in court as a witness for some Party members), Mr. Shahrokh Jahangiri was the head of the first branch of the military, air, and navy forces of the Party. He was executed by a firing squad along with nine others.

The Tudeh Party of Iran was created in 1941. The Tudeh Party ideology was Marxist-Leninist and it supported the former Soviet Union's policies. The Party played a major role in Iran's political scene until it was banned for the second time following the August 19, 1953 coup. After the 1979 Revolution, the Party declared Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic Republic regime revolutionaries and anti-imperialists and actively supported the new government. Although the Party never opposed the Islamic Republic, it became the target of government attacks in 1982 when most of the Party's leaders and members were imprisoned.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known. Mr. Shahrokh Jahangiri was arrested on February 6, 1983.


According to the book Memories, the trial of this defendant took place in Tehran on August 14, 1983.


According to the book Memories, the charges against Mr. Shahrokh Jahangiri as the first defendant in the trial of "the second group of Tudeh Party members who infiltrated the armed forces", were as follows: "He was a high level member of the underground organization and an advisor to the Central Committee. He was in charge of the Air Force and Naval branches of the underground organization. Also, he was responsible for certain military personnel. His activities included: recruiting new members in order to expand the size of the organization; providing political and security guidance for the party members; encouraging party members to infiltrate the armed forces and make secret reports; receiving detailed secret military information; and collecting membership fees. In addition, he hid important Organization documents in his home, spied for the Russian Embassy in Tehran and exchanged information with them after a training course of six months spent in the Soviet Union, tried to help party members escape, and acted as a liaison with the Fedayian Khalq Organization (Majority)."

Evidence of guilt

Evidence of guilt against Mr. Shahrokh Jahangiri was taken from the book Memoriesincluding the statement of the prosecutor's witness, Mohammad Mehdi Partovi, the head of the underground organization of the Tudeh Party. Other witnesses from the prosecutor office were Nureddin Kianuri (Commander in Chief of the Party) and Mohammad Mo'azez.


According to the book Memories, the defendant accepted responsibility for leadership of the Party’s Military Branch, finding escape plans for the leaders, studying philosophy and English in the Soviet Union, and his liaison activities with the Russian Embassy and the Fedaiyan Khalq; however, he mentioned that "all he did was in the framework of the party."


The court condemned Mr. Shahrokh Jahangiri to death and he was executed by a firing squad on February 26, 1984. Addressing his wife, he wrote in part of his will: "My dear, forgive me for not being able to pay attention to you. You know that I had a difficult task trying to free hard-working people. I was faithful to this cause to the last minute. After my death, please tell my children to continue my path, the way to human prosperity… My dear Keyvan, my playful son, we did not have much time to spend together. Forgive me. I worked for a high ideal and I'm going to be a martyr. Follow my way. You and your brother must deserve the name that I put on you."

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