Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mansur Rohani


Age: 57
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: April 11, 1979
Location of Killing: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Treason; Corruption on earth

About this Case

Minister to the Shah in matters of Energy (water and power) and Agriculture.

Mr. Mansur Rohani is one of 438 victims listed in a March 13, 1980 Amnesty International report. The report lists defendants who were convicted by Revolutionary Tribunals in the period from their inception until 12 August 1979. The list of victims and charges is drawn from sources including translations of indictments, reports of trials carried out by local and foreign media and the bulletins of the official Pars News Agency reports.

The case of Mr. Rohani is also mentioned in the Memoirs of Ayatollah Khalkhali, the first post-revolution religious judge and head of the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunals. Mr. Khalkhali includes the name of Mr. Rohani in a list of people close to the former regime against whom he issued a death sentence.

Arrest and detention

No information regarding the defendant's arrest and detention is available.


Amnesty International's report on this execution contains no information regarding the defendant's trial.


The charges brought against Mr. Rohani were : "corruption on earth; treason, destroying agriculture and forests". More specifically Khalkhali mentions the defendant's charges in the following terms: "Rohani, one of the Ministers, who was apparently the Minister of Energy, and had destroyed 40 villages in Khuzestan".

As for the charge of "corruption on earth", the religious judge defines it as:

"A Corruptor on earth is a person who contributes to spreading and expanding corruption on earth. Corruption is what leads to the decline, destruction and deviation of society from its natural path. People who were executed had strived in spreading corruption and prostitution, circulating heroin, opium and licentious behavior, atheism, murder, betrayal, flattery; in sum, they had all these vile traits. These people’s problems were aggravated by the fact that they did not repent once they saw the people’s revolution."

International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have executed individuals on trumped up charges such as drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available on the evidence presented against the defendant.


No information is available regarding the defense of the accused.


The religious judge found the defendant guilty. In his Memoirs Khalkhali explains the verdict in the following terms: "To sum it up, all the people that I condemned and who were executed in the early days of the establishment of the Revolutionary Tribunals and later in the Qasr prison were all corruptor on earth and based on the Qur'an judgment their blood was a waste."


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