Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Jahangir Esfandiari


Age: 58
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Islam
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: April 14, 1979
Location of Killing: Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unspecified offense; Mass murder

About this Case

Information about Brigadier General Jahangir Esfandiari has been taken from three electronic forms sent to Omid by individuals familiar with this case. His execution was announced in the Kayhan newspaper on April 14, 1979. He is also one of 438 victims listed in a March 13, 1980 Amnesty International report. The report lists defendants who were convicted by Revolutionary Tribunals in the period from their inception until 12 August 1979. The list of victims and charges is drawn from sources including translations of indictments, reports of trials carried out by local and foreign media and the bulletins of the official Pars News Agency reports.

According to an electronic form, Mr. Esfandiari was a graduate of the Maritime University and the Brigadier General of Division 92 of Khuzestan. He was not affiliated with any political party or organization.

Arrest and detention

Brigadier General Esfandiari was arrested in his work place in Ahvaz (Khuzestan province) on February 12, 1979; the arrest warrant was not shown to him. First, he was detained at his work-place at Division 92 military base of in Ahvaz. He was, then, transferred to Abadan, Tehran, Khoramshahr, and back to Abadan. During this time, he was tortured, and had a broken rib and hand. His wife visited him in Abadan and Qasr prison in Tehran. Other than these visits, his family was generally unaware of his whereabouts. Brigadier General Esfandiari was denied the right to be represented by an attorney.


Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Abadan (Khuzestan province) held a session at 8 p.m. on April 13, 1979 in order to review the case of Brigadier General Esfandiari and two other individuals, and after a few hours of deliberation, the court issued its verdict at the same session (Kayhan). A witness, however, has denied this, stating that the verdict was issued immediately, without the proper proceedings (electronic form). The session was held without the presence of a defense attorney.


Brigadier General Esfandiari was charged with “mass murder of the people of Abadan, and negligence of the army’s announcement of solidarity with the people” (Kayhan).

International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have executed individuals on trumped up charges such as drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution mentioned that “a large audience and many witnesses were present at the court session” (Kayhan). No other information is available about the evidence and witnesses’ testimony.


The details of Brigadier General Esfandiari’s defense are not know; he was tried without an attorney. He reportedly presented 20 pages of his defense to the court, but the court did not examine it (electronic form).


The Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Abadan called Brigadier General Jahangir Esfandiari a “corruptor on earth” and condemned him to death (Kayhan). According to available information, on April 14, 1979, people of Abadan went to the location where he was to be executed and prevented his execution. Mr. Esfandiari was then taken to the deserts of Khoramshahr and shot (electronic form).

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