Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Bahman-Abadi

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Unknown
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: 1988
Location: Iran
Mode of Killing: Unspecified execution method
Charges: Counter revolutionary offense; War on God, God's Prophet and the deputy of the Twelfth Imam; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

About this Case

Mr. Bahman-Abadi is one of the victims of the 1988-89 mass execution of political prisoners whose name is published in a November 2, 1989 United Nations’ Report of the Economic and Social Council on the “Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran,” prepared by Mr. Reynaldo Galindo Pohl (El Salvador), Special Representative of the Commission on Human Rights. Executed prisoners were mostly members or sympathizers of the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran, or other Marxist Leninist organizations such as, the People’s Fedayin of Iran, the Tudeh Party, and the Peykar Organization.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of Mr. Bahman-Abadi's arrest and detention are not known.

Trial

The circumstances that led to this defendant's execution are unknown. However, relatives of political prisoners executed in 1988 refute the legality of the judicial process that resulted in thousands of executions throughout Iran. In their 1988 open letter to then- Minister of Justice Dr. Habibi, they argue that the official secrecy surrounding these executions is proof of their illegality. They note that an overwhelming majority of these prisoners had been tried and sentenced to prison terms, which they were either serving or had already completed serving at the time they were retried and sentenced to death.

Charges

No charge has been publicly leveled against the defendant. In their letters to the Minister of Justice (1988), and to the UN Special Rapporteur visiting Iran (February 2003), the families of the victims refer to the authorities' accusations against the prisoners – accusations that may have led to their execution. These accusations include being "counter-revolutionary, anti-religion, and anti-Islam," as well as being "associated with military action or with various [opposition] groups based near the borders."

An edict of the Leader of the Islamic Republic, reproduced in the memoirs of Ayatollah Montazeri, his designated successor, corroborates the reported claims regarding the charges against the executed prisoners. In this edict, Ayatollah Khomeini refers to the PMOI's members as "hypocrites" who do not believe in Islam and "wage war against God" and decrees that prisoners who still approve of the positions taken by this organization are also "waging war against God" and should be sentenced to death.

The defendant, who did not belong to the organization named by the leader of the Islamic Republic, may have been accused of being "anti-religion" for not having renounced one’s beliefs.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.

Defense

In their open letter, the families of the prisoners note that defendants were not given the opportunity to defend themselves in court.

Judgment

No specific information is available about the verdict leading to this execution.

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