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Flogging

Man Convicted of Theft, Rape Sentenced to Flogging before Execution at Rajaishahr Prison

Iran Newspaper
Iran Newspaper / Translation by ABC
August 28, 2017

CURRENT AFFAIRS TEAM / A young man sentenced to execution on charges of aggravated theft and molestation against a woman who was his neighbor went to the gallows of Rajaishahr Prison this morning.

According to Iran Newspaper’s current affairs reporter, police officers on patrol in the Khalajabad area of Karaj on March 29, 2016 became suspicious of a young man who had exited a house in a confused and hurried state. When the young man saw the police in his path, he wounded one officer in order to escape. The attempt was unsuccessful, and he was taken into custody.

After necessary coordination, law enforcement proceeded to investigate the house and found a 62-year-old woman in an improper state inside, her feet and hands tied.

The 29-year-old man, Morad, told detectives after his arrest: “Since a little while ago I’ve had my eye on Mezhgan [the neighbor]. I knew she lived alone and also owned nice, expensive things. This is why I made a plan to rob her house. That day, when I went in, I tied up her hands and feet, beat her, and molested her. Afterwards I gathered up the expensive things in her house and was arrested while fleeing.”

The scene of the incident was reconstructed in light of the clear-cut confessions made by the defendant in the case, as well as the completion of the investigation. The defendant then stood trial at Branch One of Alborz Criminal Court presided over by Judge Hedayat Ranjbar, along with court counsellors Ali Yazdanpur and Iraj Khonakdar.

After the evaluation of legal and medical evidence, the testimony of law enforcement officers, and the defendant’s own clear-cut confessions, Morad was given the following sentences: 10 years’ prison and 74 lashes for theft and molestation, one year ta’ziri imprisonment for striking a police officer, and a capital sentence for rape.

Following confirmation by Iran’s Supreme Court, the sentence was sent for implementation. At dawn this morning, the accused went to the gallows at Rajaishahr Prison.

ABF Note

 

Findings of guilt in the Islamic Republic of Iran's Judicial Proceedings

The Islamic Republic of Iran's criminal justice system regularly falls short of the standards for due process necessary for impartiality, fairness, and efficacy. Suspects are often held incommunicado and not told of the reason for their detainment. Defendants are frequently prohibited from examining the evidence used against them. Defendants are sometimes prohibited from having their lawyers present in court. Additionally, confessions, made under duress or torture, are commonly admitted as proof of guilt. Because Iran's courts regularly disregard principles essential to the proper administration of justice, findings of guilt may not be evaluated with certainty.

Corporal Punishment: the Legal context in the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Islamic Republic's criminal code recognizes corporal punishment for a wide range of offenses: consumption of alcohol, theft, adultery, "flouting" of public morals, and mixing of the sexes in public. Judges have the latitude to mete out corporal punishment for those sentenced to death. In such cases, the flogging is carried out before death to maximize the suffering of defendant. Aside from flogging, the Islamic Republic also employs amputations as a punishment for theft. In such cases, the defendant is taken to a hospital and put under anesthesia as his hand or foot is amputated. In some cases the left foot and right hand are cut off, making it difficult for the condemned to walk, even with the assistance of a cane or crutches.

The Islamic Republic's Systematic Violation of its International Obligations under International Law

The use of corporal punishment is contrary to international law and is addressed in several international agreements. Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which Iran has ratified, states that, "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." Identical language is also used in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which Iran is also a party to. The strongest expression of international disapproval is contained in the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT). This treaty defines torture as, "any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as ... punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed." Although the Islamic Republic of Iran has yet to sign the CAT, the prohibition on torture is now considered jus cogens and, therefore, part of customary international law. Furthermore, even though the norm against corporal punishment is not yet a jus cogens, there is increasing evidence that it is illegal under international human rights law.[1] In Osbourne v. Jamaica, the Committee Against Torture (a body of experts responsible for monitoring compliance with the Convention) held that "corporal punishment constitutes cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment contrary to Article 7 of the Convention." The Islamic Republic of Iran's systematic violations of its obligations under international law have been addressed by the UN General Assembly multiple times, most recently in December 2007. In Resolution 62/168, the UN expressed deep concern with Iran's continued flouting of international human rights law, particularly, "confirmed instances of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, including flogging and amputations."