Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ali Asghar Gholami


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: November 4, 1981
Location: Mashhad, Khorasan\Khorasan-e Razavi Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Plotting to overthrow the Islamic Republic; Sedition and/ or threat to public security; Attempt to assassinate or assassination of state dignitaries; Possession of arms; Printing/distributing leaflets

About this Case

The news of the execution of Mr. Ali Asghar Gholami was announced by an Islamic Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office communiqué published in Kayhan on November 9, 1981.

Mr. Ali Asghar Gholami, a supporter of the Fadayian Khalq Guerrilla Organization (Minority), is also one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization in 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The Fadayian Khalq Guerrilla Organization, a Marxist Leninist group inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the urban guerrilla movements of Latin America, was founded in 1971 by two communist groups opposed to the Pahlavi regime. Following the 1979 revolution, the Organization, which had renounced armed struggle, split over their support of the Islamic Republic and of the Soviet Union. A number of the Organization’s members, who did not renounce armed struggle, founded the group the Fadayian Khalq Guerrillas (Ashraf Dehqani Branch).

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of Mr. Gholami’s arrest and detention are not known.


According to the Islamic Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office communiqué, the Mashad Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal issued the sentences for Mr. Gholami and 13 other individuals. No information is available on Mr. Gholami’s trial.


According to the Islamic Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office communiqué, Mr. Gholami and 13 other individuals were jointly charged with the following: “Continuous action towards overthrowing the Islamic Republic, numerous assassinations, arson, possessing firing pins at the time of arrest, and carrying Hypocrites’ leaflets.” .

Evidence of guilt

The Islamic Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office communiqué states that “firing pins” were recovered from the defendants.


No information is available on Mr. Gholami’s defense.


The Mashad Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal found Mr. Gholami guilty of corruption on earth, waging war on God, and rebellion, and sentenced him to death. Mr. Gholami was executed by a firing squad on November 4, 1981.

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