Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Gholam Hossein Golzar

About

Age: 28
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: February 15, 1990
Location: Hamedan, Hamedan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Beheading
Charges: Robbery; Murder

About this Case

The execution of Mr. Gholam Hossein Golzar was mentioned by the Special representative of the United Nation's Commission on Human Rights, Professor Reynaldo Galindo Pohl, in his report on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. A/45/697, 6 November 1990. This execution was also reported by the daily Kayhan on 15 February 1990.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have brought trumped up charges against their political opponents and executed them for drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year, Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Arrest and detention

According to Kayhan's report the defendant was arrested on February 12th, 1990. He was executed on February 15th. His arrest and detention lasted three days.

Trial

The UN report indicates that on February 14th, 1990, a judicial panel was sent to Hamadan on behalf of the Head of the Judiciary to deal with this case. The trial lasted one day.

Charges

The defendant was charged with bank robbery and murder.

Evidence of guilt

According to Kayhan, part of the money, robbed from the Bank, was found in the residence of the defendant's brother.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Golzar's defense. The defendant was not allowed to appeal the sentence.

Judgment

On February 14th, 1990, the judicial panel representing the Head of the Judiciary issued the following sentence : "Golam Hossein Golzar, 27 years old, discharged employee of the Agricultural Bank of Hamadan: 74 lashes for committing robbery; 92 lashes for participation in a forbidden act, and decapitation by the just sword of Imam Ali." The sentence was confirmed by the Head of the Judiciary. In the morning of February 15th, the defendant received 166 lashes first and then he was decapitated in a public square.

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