Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Nazir Shanbehzehi

About

Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: March 14, 2007
Location of Killing: Zahedan, Sistan Va Baluchestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Membership of anti-regime guerilla group
Age at time of offense: 17

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi, 17 years old, was published on the websites of Delavar on March 14 and April 4, 2007, Azad Tabriz news on March 18, and Radio Baluchi on October 16, 2007. Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi was a Baluch combatant.

According to Delavar website, the younger brother of Mr. Shanbehzehi, Zakaria, was also killed by government forces in Mirjaveh in 2006 when he was only 16 years old.

International laws have strictly prohibited capital punishment against those who were under the age of 18 at the time of committing the crime. As a party to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iran has the obligation to avoid capital punishment for an offence committed before the age of eighteen.

Arrest and detention

According to Delavar website, Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi was arrested few months before his execution. Reports mention that he was tortured after arrest.

Delavar website quoted a family member of the defendant saying: “no charge was proved after several months. The Ministry of Intelligence asked him to cooperate in arresting other combatants. As he refused any cooperation with the regime they did not release him. He was tortured so severely that his wife could barely recognize him while visiting. However, he did not give up and did not accept any crime he had not committed.” (Delavar website, April 4, 2007)

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

According to Delavar website, the charge against Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi was announced as “cooperation with the Resistance Movement.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution did not provide any specific information on the evidence presented against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Shanbehzaehi’s defense.  

Judgment

Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi was hanged in public at Laleh Park in Zahedan on March 14, 2007., “When the crane went up and Nazir’s body was hung, officials turned it off and Nazir died tragically after hovering for 20 minutes.” , Radio Baluchi said. According to a family member of Mr. Shanbehzehi, he was supposed to be released on bail, “…However, after the Operation in Sarollah Boulevard* in which one of Mr. Shanbehzehi’s relatives was commander in charge, authorities who could not catch the commander, arrested many of his relatives and executed one of them, Nasorllah Mr. Shanbehzehi, immediately. They also executed Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi in revenge. A day before his execution, the Ministry of Intelligence asked to meet his family. They told the family that Mr. Nazir Shanbehzehi would be released if he would show some sort of cooperation. When the family visited him and told him of the condition offered, he responded by saying: “Let them execute me, Never do anything against the combatants in order to release me, I am innocent. I’ll be a martyr and my execution won’t be a problem. However, if a combatant is arrested, that will be a huge blow to the Baluch nation. I welcome my execution, but my conscious does not accept that you cooperating with the regime against the combatants.” (Delavar website, April 4, 2007) 

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*In 2006, a bus carrying about forty employees of Iranian Revolutionary Guards was exploded in Iranshahr during a terrorist attack and all its passengers were killed. The incident is known as “Sarallah Boulevard” operation.

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